RETIMAX

BASIC | ADVANCED | ADVANCED PLUS

Allows the objective functional evaluation of the visual system, in accordance with the SCEV standard (International Society for Clinical Electrophysiology of Vision). It has a user-defined normative database related to patient age for fast and effective clinical diagnostics.

Retimax Advanced Plus is extremely easy to use, it has multiple programs to meet the diagnostic needs of the most demanding user. The high functional characteristics make it a leader in clinical diagnostics as well as in scientific research. The device stands out for its ability to screen glaucomatous pathology in its earliest stages.

GLAUCOMA HEMIFIELD PERG TEST

It is the most common and reliable test for the early diagnosis of Glaucoma. It is  extremely  useful  for  the functional analysis of Retinal Ganglion cells. It is fundamental for monitoring glaucomatous disease during therapeutic treatment. The Glaucoma Hemifield PERG Test shows the dysfunctions of the Retinal Ganglion cells before the irreversible apoptosis process starts. The test is very fast and provides a comparative analysis of the functionality of the upper and lower retinal hemifields. The analysis or the intraindividual variability of the PERG test allows the reduction of the results variability because the test is not affected by external variability sources.  

RETIMAX SWEEP VEP AND SEQUENCES

It provides a random sequence of visual stimuli at different contrast levels, or different spatial frequencies, which can assess contrast sensitivity or visual acuity, very quickly and objectively even in uncooperative patients.  

MULTIFOCAL ERG, PERG, VEP, REAL TIME

(Patent) short or long m-sequence. FOK and SOK da 1 a 241 esagoni. Adeguamento automatico del campo visivo stimolato.

VISION TRAINER VISUAL REHABILITATION

VISION TRAINER aims to optimize and normalize the visual performance of patients affected by ocular and neuro-ophthalmic diseases. The biofeedback of the VEP, acquired in real time, is used to instruct the patient while visual exercises, to improve visual performaces.

RETIMAX PLUS FUNDUS OVERLAP (optional)

Adds very advanced functional features to the Multifocal ERG technique, the combination of the Multifocal exam with the photographic image of the fundus. This new functional feature provides an accurate follow-up of the progression of macula and surrounding areas diseases, with specific indications of every analysed retinal area.

Overlap Multifocal ERG + Fundus autofluorescence + OCT

Abed, Edoardo, et al. "Early impairment of the full‐field photopic negative response in patients with Stargardt disease and pathogenic variants of the ABCA4 gene." Clinical & experimental ophthalmology 46.5 (2018): 519-530.
Author information
Edoardo Abed MD Giorgio Placidi DO Francesca Campagna DO Matteo Federici MD Angelo Minnella MD Giulia Guerri PhD Matteo Bertelli MD Marco Piccardi MD Lucia Galli‐Resta PhD Benedetto Falsini MD
Falsini, Benedetto, et al. "Long-term decline of central cone function in retinitis pigmentosa evaluated by focal electroretinogram." Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 53.12 (2012): 7701-7709.
Author information
Benedetto Falsini; Lucia Galli-Resta; Antonello Fadda; Lucia Ziccardi; Marco Piccardi; Giancarlo Iarossi; Giovanni Resta
Falsini, Benedetto, et al. "Temporal response properties of the macular cone system: effect of normal aging and age-related maculopathy." Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 48.10 (2007): 4811-4817.
Author information
Benedetto Falsini; Lucia Ziccardi; Giovanna Stifano; Giancarlo Iarossi; Erasmo Merendino; Angelo M. Minnella; Antonello Fadda; Emilio Balestrazzi
Iarossi, Giancarlo, Benedetto Falsini, and Marco Piccardi. "Regional cone dysfunction in retinitis pigmentosa evaluated by flicker ERGs: relationship with perimetric sensitivity losses." Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 44.2 (2003): 866-874.
Author information
Giancarlo Iarossi; Benedetto Falsini; Marco Piccardi
Falsini, Benedetto, et al. "The fundamental and second harmonic of the photopic flicker electroretinogram: temporal frequency-dependent abnormalities in retinitis pigmentosa." Clinical neurophysiology 110.9 (1999): 1554-1562.
Author information
BenedettoFalsinia1GiancarloIarossiaAntonelloFaddabGiovanniPorrelloaPatriziaValentiniaMarcoPiccardiaLuigiScullica
Falsini, Benedetto, et al. "Postreceptoral contribution to macular dysfunction in retinitis pigmentosa." Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 35.13 (1994): 4282-4290.
Author information
B Falsini; G Iarossi; V Porciatti; E Merendino; A Fadda; S Cermola; L Buzzonetti
Falsini, Benedetto, et al. "Influence of short-term antioxidant supplementation on macular function in age-related maculopathy. A pilot study including electrophysiologic assessment." Ophthalmology 110.1 (2003): 51-60.
Author information
BenedettoFalsiniMD1MarcoPiccardiMD1GiancarloIarossiMD1AntonelloFaddaPhD2ErasmoMerendinoMD1PatriziaValentiniMD1
Falsini, Benedetto, et al. "Influence of saffron supplementation on retinal flicker sensitivity in early age-related macular degeneration." Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 51.12 (2010): 6118-6124.
Author information
Benedetto Falsini; Marco Piccardi; Angelo Minnella; Cristina Savastano; Ettore Capoluongo; Antonello Fadda; Emilio Balestrazzi; Rita Maccarone; Silvia Bisti
Falsini, Benedetto, et al. "Long-term decline of central cone function in retinitis pigmentosa evaluated by focal electroretinogram." Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 53.12 (2012): 7701-7709.
Author information
Benedetto Falsini; Lucia Galli-Resta; Antonello Fadda; Lucia Ziccardi; Marco Piccardi; Giancarlo Iarossi; Giovanni Resta
Huang, Jinhai, et al. "Embryonic stem-cell-derived retinal pigment epithelial cells for macular degeneration." The Lancet 379.9831 (2012): 2050.
Author information
Schwartz SD Hubschman JP Heilwell G
Falsini, Benedetto, et al. "Topical nerve growth factor as a visual rescue strategy in pediatric optic gliomas: a pilot study including electrophysiology." Neurorehabilitation and neural repair 25.6 (2011): 512-520
Author information
Show less Benedetto Falsini, MD Benedetto Falsini 1Catholic University of Rome, Rome, Italy See all articles by this author Search Google Scholar for this author , Antonio Chiaretti, MD, Giuseppe Barone, MD, Marco Piccardi, MD, Filomena Pierri, MD, Cesare Colosimo, MD, Ilaria Lazzareschi, MD, Antonio Ruggiero, MD, Vincenzo Parisi, MD, Antonello Fadda, MD, Emilio Balestrazzi, MD, Riccardo Riccardi, MD
Falsini, B., et al. "Subfoveal choroidal blood flow and central retinal function in retinitis pigmentosa." Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 50.13 (2009): 993-993.
Author information
B. Falsini; L. Montrone; M. Piccardi; G. Iarossi; E. Campos; C. Riva
Falsini, Benedetto, et al. "Influence of saffron supplementation on retinal flicker sensitivity in early age-related macular degeneration." Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 51.12 (2010): 6118-6124.
Author information
Benedetto Falsini; Marco Piccardi; Angelo Minnella; Cristina Savastano; Ettore Capoluongo; Antonello Fadda; Emilio Balestrazzi; Rita Maccarone; Silvia Bisti
Falsini, Benedetto, et al. "Effect of epigallocatechin-gallate on inner retinal function in ocular hypertension and glaucoma: a short-term study by pattern electroretinogram." Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology 247.9 (2009): 1223-1233.
Author information
Benedetto FalsiniEmail authorDario MarangoniTommaso SalgarelloGiovanna StifanoLucrezia MontroneSalvatore Di LandroLaura GuccioneEmilio BalestrazziAlberto Colotto
Falsini, Benedetto, et al. "Structure–function relationship in ocular hypertension and glaucoma: interindividual and interocular analysis by OCT and pattern ERG." Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology 246.8 (2008): 1153-1162.
Author information
Benedetto FalsiniEmail authorDario MarangoniTommaso SalgarelloGiovanna StifanoLucrezia MontroneFrancesca CampagnaStefania AlibertiEmilio BalestrazziAlberto Colotto
Falsini, Benedetto, et al. "Longitudinal assessment of childhood optic gliomas: relationship between flicker visual evoked potentials and magnetic resonance imaging findings." Journal of neuro-oncology 88.1 (2008): 87-96.
Author information
Benedetto FalsiniEmail authorLucia ZiccardiIlaria LazzareschiAntonio RuggieroLuca PlacentinoAnna DickmannLucia LiottiMarco PiccardiEmilio BalestrazziCesare ColosimoConcezio Di RoccoRiccardo Riccardi
Falsini, Benedetto, et al. "Monitoring retinal function during transpupillary thermotherapy for occult choroidal neovascularization in age-related macular degeneration." Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 44.5 (2003): 2133-2140.
Author information
Benedetto Falsini; Francesco Focosi; Fernando Molle; Chiara Manganelli; Giancarlo Iarossi; Antonello Fadda; Giorgio Dorin; Martin A. Mainster
Iarossi, Giancarlo, Benedetto Falsini, and Marco Piccardi. "Regional cone dysfunction in retinitis pigmentosa evaluated by flicker ERGs: relationship with perimetric sensitivity losses." Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 44.2 (2003): 866-874.
Author information
Giancarlo Iarossi; Benedetto Falsini; Marco Piccardi
Falsini, Benedetto, et al. "Influence of short-term antioxidant supplementation on macular function in age-related maculopathy. A pilot study including electrophysiologic assessment." Ophthalmology 110.1 (2003): 51-60.
Author information
BenedettoFalsiniMD1MarcoPiccardiMD1GiancarloIarossiMD1AntonelloFaddaPhD2ErasmoMerendinoMD1PatriziaValentiniMD1
Falsini, Benedetto, Charles E. Riva, and Eric Logean. "Flicker-evoked changes in human optic nerve blood flow: relationship with retinal neural activity." Investigative ophthalmology & visual science 43.7 (2002): 2309-2316.
Author information
Benedetto Falsini; Charles E. Riva; Eric Logean
Falsini, Benedetto, Charles E. Riva, and Eric Logean. "Relationship of blood flow changes of the human optic nerve with neural retinal activity: a new approach to the study of neuro-ophthalmic disorders." Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde 219.04 (2002): 296-298.
Author information
Benedetto Falsini1 , Charles E. Riva2 , Eric Logean2
Schiavi, Costantino, et al. "Steady-state pattern electroretinogram and frequency doubling technology in anisometropic amblyopia." Clinical Ophthalmology (Auckland, NZ) 10 (2016): 2061.
Author information
Costantino Schiavi, Filippo Tassi, Alessandro Finzi, Ernesto Strobbe, and Mauro Cellini
Finzi, Alessandro, et al. "Hemifield pattern electroretinogram in ocular hypertension: comparison with frequency doubling technology and optical coherence tomography to detect early optic neuropathy." Clinical ophthalmology (Auckland, NZ) 8 (2014): 1929.
Author information
Finzi, Alessandro, et al. "Hemifield pattern electroretinogram in ocular hypertension: comparison with frequency doubling technology and optical coherence tomography to detect early optic neuropathy." Clinical ophthalmology (Auckland, NZ) 8 (2014): 1929.
Pescosolido, Nicola et al. “Therapeutic Improvement in the Contralateral Eye after Ranibizumab Intravitreal Treatment in a Patient Affected by Bilateral Subfoveal Choroidal Neovascularization.” (2014).
Author information
Nicola Pescosolido, Stefano Fazio, Dario RuscianoPublished 2014
Sisto, Dario et al. “Oral Administration of Forskolin and Rutin Contributes to Reduce Intraocular Pressure and Improve PERG ( Pattern Electroretinogram ) Amplitude in Glaucomatous Patients.” (2014).
Author information
Dario Sisto, Nicola Lavermicocca, Donato Errico, Dário, Rusciano
Mavilio, A. Valenciano et al. “Can Variability of Pattern ERG Signal Help to Detect Retinal Ganglion Cells Dysfunction in Glaucomatous Eyes?” BioMed research international (2015).
Author information
A. Valenciano Mavilio, Francesca Luigia Scrimieri, Donato Errico
Veneruso, Paolo Esposito, et al. "Short-term effects of vision trainer rehabilitation in patients affected by anisometropic amblyopia: electrofunctional evaluation." Documenta Ophthalmologica 129.3 (2014): 177-189.
Author information
Paolo Esposito VenerusoLucia ZiccardiGiulia MagliBenedetto FalsiniAdriano Magl
Battagliola, Margherita Chiari-Caterina Savi-Erika, and Donatella Saviola-Antonio De Tanti. "Visual rehabilitation with Retimax Vision Trainer in patients with severe Acquired Brain Injury: report of two cases."
Author information
Margherita Chiari - Caterina Savi - Erika Battagliola Donatella Saviola - Antonio De Tanti
Hydroxychloroquine for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis: multifocal electroretinogram and laser flare-cell photometry studyr flare-cell photometry study
Author information
Stefano Sebastiani, Michela Fresina, Mauro Celliniemilio
Macular Features in Retinitis Pigmentosa: Correlations Among Ganglion Cell Complex Thickness, Capillary Density, and Macular Function
Author information
Lisa Toto; Enrico Borrelli; Rodolfo Mastropasqua; Alfonso Senatore; Luca Di Antonio; Marta Di Nicola; Paolo Carpineto; Leonardo Mastropasqua
ET-1 plasma levels, choroidal thickness and multifocal electroretinogram in retinitis pigmentosa
Author information
Alessandro Finzi, Mauro Cellini, Ernesto Strobbe, Emilio C. Campos
Precision and Normative Values of a New Computerized Chart for Contrast Sensitivity Testing
Author information
Savini, Giacomo, et al. "precision and normative Values of a new computerized chart for contrast Sensitivity testing." Scientific reports 9.1 (2019): 1-6.
Lapajne, L., et al. "Vision training with VEP biofeedback in amblyopia after the critical period." Documenta ophthalmologica. Advances in Ophthalmology (2020).
Author information
Lapajne L1, Roškar S1, Tekavčič Pompe M1, Svetina M2, Jarc-Vidmar M1, Hawlina M1
Biofeedback Low Vision Rehabilitation with Retimax Vision Trainer in Patients with Advanced Age-related Macular Degeneration: A Pilot Study
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Tommaso Verdina ORCID Icon, Stefania Piaggi , Riccardo Peschiera , Valeria Russolillo , Vanessa Ferraro , Johanna Chester , Rodolfo Mastropasqua & Gian Maria Cavallini show less
Visual training: neuro-visual enhancement in athletes Visual training: potenziamento neuro-visivo negli sportivi
Author information
Eliana TRANCHITA, Alessandro SEGNALINI , Giulia LICOCCIA, Yuri SFERRA 2, Chiara MARCHEGIANI
Neuroprotection in Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma: The Role of a Fixed Citicoline-Homotaurine-Vitamin E Combination
Author information
Camillo Cornelio, Lorenzo Crisigiovanni, Virginia Limardo, Davide Nuzzo, Pasquale Troiano
Blue Cone Monochromatism with Foveal Hypoplasia Caused by the Concomitant Effect of Variants in OPN1LW/OPN1MW and GPR143 Genes
Author information
Giancarlo Iarossi, Andrea Maria Coppè, Chiara Passarelli, Paolo Enrico Maltese, Lorenzo Sinibaldi, Alessandro Cappelli, Sarah Cetola, Antonio Novelli, Luca Buzzonetti

TECHNICAL DATA

ACQUISITION  

16 bit A/D converter
2 channels standard amplifier, up to 6 channels (optional)
Real-time rejection of artifacts due to eye movements
M-Sequence Computation in real time (patented)
Automatic measurement of electrodes impedance

STIMULATORS  

Ganzfeld Flash Stimulator up to 30Cd*m2/ Sec. Background adjustable up to 600 Cd*m2 (conform to ISCEV, International Society for Visual Electrophysiology of Vision) white light, Red Light 625nm, Blue Light 470nm, Yellow Light 600nm, Green Light 525nm.
Available additional colours stimuli as an option
Camera for monitoring the examined patient fixation  

EOG fixation spots 30 and 45 degrees

Pattern Stimulator 10/19/21/32/42/55 Inches, high luminance, LCD, OLED, resolution 1280x1024.
Automatic calibration. Visual field adjustable up to 90 degrees

ANALYSIS  
User-defined normative database related to patient age
Statistical analysis
Data export in ASCII, txt, .CSV format
Compatibility with standard, DICOM v3 (IHE integration profile EYECARE Workflow)
 
MINIMUM SYSTEM REQUIREMENT  

PC: 4 GB RAM - Video card 1 GB RAM (not shared) resolution 1024 x 768 pixels - USB 2.0 type
Operating system: Windows XP, Windows 7 and Windons 10 (32/64 bit).